Fruits : Standard groups


Berries

The berries include both the true berries such as gooseberries or currants and compound fruits such as raspberries, as well as accessory fruits such as strawberries. Berries have soft pulp and cannot be stored for long periods.

Here you can find information about:

bilberry
Black mulberry
blackberry
Cloudberry
Cowberry
elderberry
Gooseberry
lingonberry
raspberry
strawberry
woodland strawberry

 

Exotic fruits

Fruits from the tropics and subtropics are called exotic fruits. They are valued here because of their decorative appearance and their varied flavours. Some of these, such as bananas, citrus fruits or kiwis have become so natural to us that we hardly think of them as exotic. Others in contrast, such as the durian or the persimmon, are still very foreign to us.

Here you can find information about:

acerola
Acidless orange
ackee
Annona
Atemoya
babaco
banana
calamondin
cape gooseberry
carambola
cassia
Cherimoya
chinese gooseberry
chinotto
civet fruit
common orange
curuba
Custard apple
date
dragonfruit
durian
Feijoa
fig
guava
honeydew melon
horned melon, african horned cucumber
Indian fig
jackfruit
Kaffir lime
kaki
kiwifruit
kumquat
litchi
Longan
loquat
Lulo
Mango
Mangosteen
Nashi pear
Navel orange
Noni
orange
Papaya
passion fruit
Pepino
persimmon
physalis
pineapple
pineapple guava
pitaya
pomegranate
prickly pear
Pummelo
Rambutan
red pitaya
Sapodilla
Sea grape
Soursop
starfruit
strawberry guava
Sugar-apple
sweet orange
sweet passion fruit
tamarillo
tree tomato
Watermelon
yellow passion fruit

 

Pomaceous fruits

Pomes are fruits with small pips or seeds that are normally not eaten. Typical of these are apples, pears and quince. These fruits belong botanically to the accessory fruits, since the actual fruit is the core, and we consume only the thickened, fleshy fruit wall. Pomes are cultivated both for consumption when fresh and for further processing.

Here you can find information about:

Abate Fetel
Alexander Lucas
Anjou
apple
Barlett
Berlepsch
Bosc
Braeburn
Clapps Favourite
Cortland
Cox's Orange Pippin
Early Windsor
Elstar
Fondate de Charneau
Forelle
Fuji
Gala
Glockenapfel
Golden Delicious
Granny Smith
Gravenstein
Idared
Ingrid Marie
Jamba
James Grieve
Jonagold
Jonagored
Jules Guyot
McIntosh
Medlar
Nashi pear
Packham's Triumph
Passe-Crassane
pear
Pink Lady
Pinova
Quince
Red Boskoop
Red Delicious
Remo
Rubinette
Spartan
Topaz
Vereinsdechant (Comice)
Williams
Yellow transparent

 

Hard-shelled dry fruits

Fruits of which we consume the edible seeds are classified as hard-shelled fruits. They are called nuts. In comparison with other fruits these are seeds rich in energy; they contain little water but large amounts of fat, protein and carbohydrates.

Here you can find information about:

almond
beechnut
black walnut
brazil nut
butternut
cashew nut
cobnut
coconut
filbert
guarana
hazelnut
macadamia nut
peanut
pecan (nut)
pistachio (nut)
walnut

 

Stone fruits

Stone fruits have an outer peel. Underneath this is the pulp, and in the middle is a stone that cannot be eaten. Plums, cherries and peaches belong to this group, for example. Stone fruit has very juicy pulp and cannot be kept for very long. In addition to being consumed fresh, stone fruit serves as raw material for numerous preserved products.

Here you can find information about:

acerola
Ammarelle cherry
apricot
cherry
german prune
greengage
Heart cherry
Mirabelle
Morello cherry
Nectarine
olive
Peach
plum
sour cherry
sweet cherry
Wild cherry

 

Tropical and subtropical fruits

Tropical and subtropical fruits include the citrus fruits, the exotic fruits and other tropical fruits.

Here you can find information about:

avocado

 

Wild fruits

Edible fruits from wild plants are called wild fruits. They are hardly ever available in the regular fruit trade. If one has no possibility of picking them oneself (or if one shies away from the rather toilsome work) one can at least fall back on the many processed products such as jams, juices or spirits that are offered for sale, sometimes only in specialty shops.
If you pick them yourself you should be careful to take only those fruits that you clearly recognize and can identify as non-poisonous.

Here you can find information about:

barberry
bilberry
Black mulberry
blackberry
Cloudberry
Cowberry
elderberry
Hawthorn
Quince
raspberry
rose hip
Rowanberry
Sea-buckthorn berry
Sloe plum
whortleberry

 

Citrus fruits

Citrus fruits consist of three layers: They are covered with a more or less thick, colourful peel. Beneath this is a whitish, spongy layer (albedo tissue), the thickness of which varies with the type of fruit. Inside is the pulp divided into segments. Citrus fruits are among the most important types of fruit traded worldwide.

Here you can find information about:

bergamot orange
bitter orange
calamondin
chinotto
Citron
clementine
common mandarin
grapefruit
Kaffir lime
King mandarin
kumquat
Lemon
lychee
mandarin orange
Mediterranean mandarin
Mexican lime
orange
Persian lime
Pomelo
Pummelo
satsuma
sweet orange
Yuzu

 

 



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